Maps, Cases and Instruments

M35 Leather Map Case:

The external compartments from left to right housed a ruler, several lead/wax/grease pencil slots which were generally reinforced with compressed paper inserts to stop sharp pencils damaging the leather, on the right a tool slot with leather pull tab. Inside was a larger compartment with concertina expanding sides, the side been made from either made from leather or simulated leather. This compartment had a black simulated leather divider. The main compartment contained a protractor pouch, maps and notes. Map cases were issued to Unit Commanders and dispatch riders etc.

Map Protractor Bag:

Made from grey canvas had a interior pouch, slotted inside were the fragile target girds and other plotting instruments depending on unit, which were separated with a soft cotton protective divider to stop scratches, also under the press stud closed flap was a small pocket with protective soft cotton cloth which held a scale square. The bag is stencilled on the outside with the description, type number and manufacturer.

 

Navigation Aids:

Shown are two typical black bakelite compasses, with a chrome plated sighting mirror, the direction needle was locked into position once the lid was clipped shut preventing damage while not in use. Also shown is a scale wheel used to plot distances so accurate calculations of fuel usage etc could be calculated.

 

 

 

 

Target Designation Grid:

First is that early type TDG dated 1938 and made by Gebr Wichmann, second is the later 1943 updated scale by unknown maker. The TDG were made from 1mm thick Celluloid film , they were easily scratched and as you can see easy to break, after 60 years they tend to shrink and distort and become very brittle, they are very rare to find in mint condition. Commanders were issued different types of scales, which they overlaid onto there maps to plot courses of action.

 

 

 

 

Maps

Specific maps were issued by the Maps and Surveying Department (Kriegskarten- und Vermessungswesen Abteilung) via the Land Survey, and strict laws forbid the copying. Shown is a typical map of —— dated 1943. Usually numbered and marked.

 

 

 

 

 

Other Instruments

On the left is a scale square, approx 75mm wide, scales 1:25000 – 1km and 1:100000 – 5km and 1:50000 2km Marked gwr. Also shown is another variant, showing scales of 1:50000 2km, 1:25000 2000m, 1:200000 – 8km, 1:100000 – 75000m, manufactured by Logarex (Czechoslovakia) type 40403 and waffen-amt Wa10 presumably by the Maps and Surveying Department.